183_projects:problem11_fall2022

Project 10 Part a: Engineering a movie stunt 2

  • Rotational and Translational Kinetic Energy
  • Moment of Inertia
  • Conservation of Energy
  • Relationship between Linear and Angular Velocity
  • Point Particle versus Real Systems
4 Questions to test pre-reading:
  • What is a point particle system?
  • What is a real system?
  • What is vibrational energy?
  • What is angular velocity?

drsnightmare.jpg

Your success with the squirrel girl stuntwork has lead to your being hired by Marvel Entertainment again for the new Doctor Strange film. Benedict Cumberbatch is Doctor Stephen Vincent Strange, a neurosurgeon who protects the Earth from magical threats both foreign and domestic.

In one of the final scenes, Doctor Strange has been captured by Nightmare and has been sent to the Dark Dimension using a teleportation system constructed by Dormammu. The teleportation system is located on a small island above the Arctic circle. Ms. Marvel and Spiderman arrive to save Doctor Strange by crossing into the Dark Dimension. They find a sled that can be used to launch them into the teleportation system. Spidey uses his web shooters to attach a web strand to the teleportation system and accelerate he and Ms. Marvel into the teleportation system.

For this stunt, the current plan is to use a sled ($M_{\rm sled} = 1500\,{\rm kg}$) with a wire reel system attached to the front end. The wire will be attached to a snowmobile and the sled will be dragged across the ice while the wire unwinds from the reel. The sled must be traveling with a speed of 30 m/s at a distance of 100 m from its starting location.

Unfortunately, the island was chosen for its beauty and not any sort of safety considerations. The island itself is only 2.5 km across at its widest point, so the wire cannot unwind too much or the snowmobile will end up in the frozen arctic waters.

The reel is hoop-shaped, but its mass has not been chosen. Your team is meant to decide how to proceed with the stunt, and report back to the production company. Find the appropriate force that the snowmobile should exert on the wire/sled, and determine the mass of the reel. Some initial testing of reels of different masses and radii have shown (for a constant force) that the relationship between the angular speed of the reel and the linear speed of the sled is related to the ratio of the masses of the sled and reel. The equation that best fits this data is given below,

$$\omega_{\rm reel} = \dfrac{M_{\rm sled}}{m_{\rm reel}}\dfrac{v_{\rm sled}}{R_{\rm reel}}$$

Project 10 part b: Saving a probe

  • Judicious choice of system
    • Recognizing boundaries of a collision
  • Momentum conservation
  • Energy conservation
  • Using graphs to explain/understand phenomena

You are trying to recover HAL. HAL, if you remember, was a part of the satellite ($m_{\rm t}=4500\,{\rm kg}$) that the Carver Media Group Network (CMGN) launched. The satellite (and HAL) was designed to communicate with Earth out to a distance of 3.8 million kilometers. As part of the electronics HAL contains a green and a red light-emitting diode (LED) mounted on the outer surface of the satellite. One of the probes ($m_{\rm p}=400\,{\rm kg}$) remains attached to a single, very stiff spring ($k_{\rm p}=5.3\times10^{9}{\rm N/m}$) that can be compressed remotely and then released to fire off the probe. You have hacked into this remote firing mechanism.

Unfortunately, a transcription error was made by Mr. Stamper, Carver's chief “engineer” when the satellite was initially launched. As a result, the satellite escaped Earth's gravity and is currently traveling in a straight line away from the Earth at a distance of 1.9 million kilometers. Its speed is nearly constant at $340\,{\rm m/s}$. The gyroscope system that keeps the orientation of the satellite constant is still working. However, an asteroid ($m_{\rm a}=9300\,{\rm kg}$) traveling at a speed of $950\,{\rm m/s}$ is on a direct collision course (in line with the Earth and HAL) and the collision is imminent. The asteroid is presently 500 kilometers from the satellite.

Your team can recapture the satellite if it can be returned to Earth. You should design a way to return the satellite to Earth. You will also need to ensure the asteroid will not collide with the satellite - damaging the probe is ok. Your team also needs to determine the minimum amount of time until the possible collision to determine if a communication from Earth can be completed in time.

Project 10: part c: Saving a space station

The satellite with HAL is on it's way back to Earth but behind the satellite is a number of small asteroids. A member of the recovery team, David Lightman, tells you that there is a defunct Earth defense floating space station that is very far from Earth which can be hacked into. You have been tasked with operating this projectile defense system (PDS for short). PDS has the ability to launch defense projectiles from the space station headquarters (positioned at the center of the space station) to divert incoming attack projectiles (asteroids heading for Earth). Before the first firing of a projectile from the defense system, your boss would like to see a simulation showing how the incoming attack projectile's motion can be changed by the defense projectile to be sure that you can be trusted with the PDS.

  • The mass of a defense projectile is about $20\,{\rm kg}$, made out of sticky Space Clay™.
  • The average mass of an attack projectile is about $5$ times that of a defense projectile, usually made of a solid metallic material.

Complete the code below to simulate before and after an interception (collision) for a worst case scenario: an attack projectile being launched directly towards headquarters at its largest ever recorded velocity $\langle 225,-400,0 \rangle\,{\rm m/s}$ from its closest ever recorded position $\langle -500,900,0 \rangle\,{\rm m}$. For this worst case scenario defense to be successful, you must push the incoming attack projectile back along its incoming path so that its velocity is $\langle -450,800,0 \rangle\,{\rm m/s}$. Your code should be general enough to handle other attack and defense projectile initial conditions.

Furthermore, the Department of Projectile Energy (DoPE) for the Thunderdome, your home base, would like a report on the loss of kinetic energy during the collision as it interested in further harnessing the power of the PDS once this asteroids problem is over. Use VPython's graphing capabilities to help answer how much energy is lost.

https://www.glowscript.org/#/user/pcubed/folder/incompleteprograms/program/SavingStation

  • 183_projects/problem11_fall2022.txt
  • Last modified: 2022/11/17 17:48
  • by dachille