184_notes:examples:week6_drift_speed

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184_notes:examples:week6_drift_speed [2018/06/11 15:53]
curdemma
184_notes:examples:week6_drift_speed [2021/06/07 20:49] (current)
schram45
Line 20: Line 20:
  
 ===Approximations & Assumptions=== ===Approximations & Assumptions===
-  * The wires have circular cross-sections.+  * The wires have circular cross-sections. This is typical of real wires and allows us to use the diameter of the wire to calculate the area properly.
   * Using the [[184_notes:current|Drude model]] for electrons in the wire - the electrons are accelerated by the electric field, until they run into a positive nucleus, which reduces the speed back to zero.    * Using the [[184_notes:current|Drude model]] for electrons in the wire - the electrons are accelerated by the electric field, until they run into a positive nucleus, which reduces the speed back to zero. 
  
 ===Representations=== ===Representations===
   * We represent electron current as $i=nAv_{avg}$.   * We represent electron current as $i=nAv_{avg}$.
-  * We represent current as $I=|q|i$. Current is charge per second. Electron current is electrons per second. We multiply by $q$ (the electron charge) to get charge per second. +  * We represent current as $I=|q|i$. Current is charge per second. Electron current is electrons per second. We multiply by $q$ (the electron charge) to get charge per second. 
-  * +
 ====Solution==== ====Solution====
 We can use the [[184_notes:current|Drude model]] for electrons in the wire - the electrons are accelerated by the electric field, until they run into a positive nucleus, which reduces the speed back to zero. This is where our definition of drift speed comes from, so it is worth including it in our solution for reference. We can use the [[184_notes:current|Drude model]] for electrons in the wire - the electrons are accelerated by the electric field, until they run into a positive nucleus, which reduces the speed back to zero. This is where our definition of drift speed comes from, so it is worth including it in our solution for reference.
  • 184_notes/examples/week6_drift_speed.txt
  • Last modified: 2021/06/07 20:49
  • by schram45