# Bungee Jump

Activity Information

Learning Goals

• Students will use their understanding of energy and free fall to manipulate difference scenarios related to bungee jumping

Prior Knowledge Required

• Conservation of Energy
• Hooke’s Law
• Kinematics

Code Manipulation

• Interpret minimally working code
• Create new code to model scenario

Activity

Handout – Bungee Jumper

Mr. Spencer’s physics class wants to go bungee jumping. The closet spot that Western will pay for them to go is the Parma Adventure Park. Below is some information from their website:

Looking for the best bungee jumping in Spring Arbor? The Parma Adventure Park has an exciting option for your favorite adrenaline junkee. Get your maximum rush at our relatively reliable Freefall Bungee Jump Tower. Prepare yourself for that impending, gut-wrenching feeling as you climb to the top, and then fall through our trap door for an exhilarating free fall. Our tower, harnesses, and gear are specially engineered with a safety record of 98%! Our staff will assist you in making his the experience of a lifetime, whether you need some calming reassurance or the big “1-2-3-Go!” Feel the thrill as you hurtle towards the ground below, only to stop right before you reach the ground* *Parma Adventure Park is not responsible for accidents resulting from patrons giving incorrect information

The tower is 25 meters high. Before you climb the steps to the top, everyone needs the right bungee cord for them. The bungee cords are all the same length, but some stretch more easily than others. Develop a method for determining which cord to assign to each member of your group using the following minimally working program.

Challenge activity: The highest numbered bungee cord is not enough for your chaperone. The staff wants to attach two different bungee cords to his harness, one on each side. Modify your computer model to include a second bungee cord and use it to develop a method for determine which two bungee cords the staff needs to use.

Code

``````GlowScript 2.7 VPython
# Set up display window
scene.width = 500
scene.height = 400
scene.background=color.white
scene.center = vec(0, 20, 0)

# Intial information: Enter your assigned height
#height = vec(0, h ,0)
height = vec(0, 25, 0)
pivot = height + vec(0,10,0)

# Create a ceiling, a person, a floor, the rocks and a spring.
ceiling=box(size=vec(10,2,10), color=color.magenta)
ceiling.pos = pivot + vec(0, ceiling.size.y/2,0)

floor=box(size=vec(10,1,10), color=color.magenta)

rocks=box(pos=vec(0,-1,0), size=vec(10,2,10), color=color.gray(.5))

lengthSpring = Spring.axis #initial length of the spring (fixed)

# Define parameters
mPerson = 70
g = vec(0,-9.81,0)
t=0
tf = 20
dt = 0.01

#ENERGY
#How do energy concepts help us know which bungee cord to use?

#Define the spring constant

####################EXTRA: Create a force vector########################
# FnetArrow = arrow(pos=person.pos, axis=vec(0, 0, 0), color=color.red)#
########################################################################

############EXTRA: Create an energy graph#####################
# energyGraph = graph(xtitle='time (s)', ytitle='energy (J)')#
# TotalGraph= gcurve(color=color.black, label='Total Energy')#
##############################################################

# Set up a disappearing floor for the trapdoor
scene.pause('Click to remove floor')
floor.visible = False

# Dropping the person once the floor is gone
while True:
rate(100)

#FORCES
#Define the forces acting on the person (Remember Hooke's Law)
#Define the net force

# MOVEMENT
# Update the person's velocity
# Update the person's position
Spring.axis = person.pos-pivot # Update the length of the spring

# Change the person's color to red if they hit the rocks
person.color=vec(1,0,0)

# Update the clock
t = t + dt

#####EXTRA: FORCE VECTORS######
# FnetArrow.pos = vec(0,0,0)  #
# FnetArrow.axis = vec(0,0,0) #
###############################

##EXTRA: ENERGY GRAPHS###
# TotalGraph.plot(t,TE) #
#########################

#Have the computer print the height of the person at the end of the program (won't happen until the while loop ends)
#Compared to the floor's surface
#print("floor = ", floor.pos+1)``````

Code

``````GlowScript 2.7 VPython
# Set up display window
scene.width = 500
scene.height = 400
scene.background=color.white
scene.center = vec(0, 20, 0)

# Intial information: Enter your assigned height
#height = vec(0, h ,0)
height = vec(0, 25, 0)
pivot = height + vec(0,10,0)

# Create a ceiling, a person, a floor, the rocks and a spring.
ceiling=box(size=vec(10,2,10), color=color.magenta)
ceiling.pos = pivot + vec(0, ceiling.size.y/2,0)

floor=box(size=vec(10,1,10), color=color.magenta)

rocks=box(pos=vec(0,-1,0), size=vec(10,2,10), color=color.gray(.5))

lengthSpring = Spring.axis #initial length of the spring (fixed)

# Define parameters
mPerson = 70
g = vec(0,-9.81,0)
t=0
tf = 20
dt = 0.01

#Use energy to determine the spring constant
Egrav = abs(mPerson*g.y*height.y)
kSpring = abs(2*Egrav/(height.y**2))
#kSpring = 47

#Create the force vectors
FgravArrow = arrow(pos=person.pos, axis=vec(-2,0,0), color=color.red)
FspringArrow = arrow(pos=person.pos+vec(2, 0, 0), color=color.blue)
FnetArrow = arrow(pos=person.pos, axis=vec(0, 0, 0), color=color.black)

#Energy graph showing kinetic energy (max at eq) and spring potential (0 at eq)
energyGraph = graph(xtitle='time (s)', ytitle='energy (J)')
KineticGraph = gcurve(color=color.green, label='Kinetic')
SpringGraph = gcurve(color=color.blue, label='Spring Potential')
GravGraph = gcurve(color=color.red, label='Grav. Potential')
TotalGraph= gcurve(color=color.black, label='Total Energy')

# Set up a disappearing floor for the trapdoor
scene.pause('Click to remove floor')
floor.visible = False

# Dropping the person once the floor is gone
while t<tf:
#while person.velocity.y <=0:
rate(200)

#Define the forces so they update as time goes on
Fgrav = mPerson * g
Fspring = -kSpring * (Spring.axis-lengthSpring) #Fspring = -k * delta x
Fnet = Fspring + Fgrav

# Movement - update the velocity of the person, the position of the person and the length of the spring
person.velocity = person.velocity + (Fnet/mPerson)*dt
person.pos = person.pos + person.velocity*dt
Spring.axis = person.pos-pivot

# Change the person's color to red if they hit the rocks
person.color=vec(1,0,0)

# Update the clock
t = t + dt

#Show the force vectors
FgravArrow.pos = person.pos+vec(-2,0,0)
FgravArrow.axis = Fgrav/(1e2)
FspringArrow.pos = person.pos+vec(2, 0, 0)
FspringArrow.axis = Fspring/(1e2)
FnetArrow.pos = person.pos
FnetArrow.axis = Fnet/(1e2)

#Calculate the energies in each moment
KE=0.5*mPerson*mag(person.velocity)**2
SPE=0.5*kSpring*mag(Spring.axis-lengthSpring)**2
TE=KE+SPE+GPE

#Graph the energies
KineticGraph.plot(t, KE)
SpringGraph.plot(t,SPE)
GravGraph.plot(t,GPE)
TotalGraph.plot(t,TE)

#Have the computer print the height of the person at the end of the program (won't happen until the while loop ends)
#Compared to the rocks's surface
#print("rocks = ", rocks.pos.y+1)``````

Challenge Activity Code

``````GlowScript 2.7 VPython
# Set up display window
scene.width = 500
scene.height = 400
scene.background=color.white
scene.center = vec(0, 20, 0)

#Some initial information
height = vec(0, 25, 0) #specifying the drop height
pivot = height + vec(0,6,0) #pivot is top of spring

# Create a spring, a person, a ceiling, a floor and rocks
# origin is located on surface of the rocks
# The following statements define the shape, size and color of the person, ceiling, floor, and rocks
ceiling=box(size=vec(10,2,10), color=color.magenta)
ceiling.pos = pivot + vec(0, ceiling.size.y/2,0)
floor=box(size=vec(10,1,10), color=color.magenta)
rocks=box(pos=vec(0,0,0), size=vec(10,2,10), color=color.gray(.5))
lengthSpring = Spring.axis #initial length of the spring (fixed)

# Define parameters
#input mass of person
mPerson = 70
#g is acceleration due to gravity
g = vec(0,-9.81,0)
# t is time, tf is time final
#this statement initializes the time and defines the increment for the loop
t=0
tf = 20
dt = 0.01

Egrav = abs(mPerson*g.y*height.y)
#Determine kSpring value or make an equation for kSpring in terms of Egrav and height
kSpring = abs(2*Egrav/(height.y**2))

#Energy graph showing kinetic energy (max at eq) and spring potential (0 at eq)
energyGraph = graph(xtitle='time (s)', ytitle='energy (J)')
KineticGraph = gcurve(color=color.green, label='Kinetic')
SpringGraph = gcurve(color=color.blue, label='Spring Potential')
GravGraph = gcurve(color=color.red, label='Grav. Potential')
TotalGraph= gcurve(color=color.black, label='Total Energy')

#Show the force vector
FnetArrow = arrow(pos=person.pos, axis=vec(0, 0, 0), color=color.black)

#Add a force vector for Fgrav and Fspring
#hint- off set the position of the arrows by adding or subtracting a vector
FgravArrow = arrow(pos=person.pos - vec(2,0,0), axis=vec(0, 0, 0), color=color.red)
FspringArrow = arrow(pos=person.pos + vec(2,0,0), axis=vec(0, 0, 0), color=color.blue)

#disappearing floor
scene.pause('Click to remove floor')
floor.visible = False

#Dropping the person
while True:
rate(100)

#Define the forces
Fgrav = mPerson * g #F=mg
Fspring = -kSpring * (Spring.axis-lengthSpring) #Fspring = -k * delta x
Fnet = Fspring + Fgrav

#movement - update the velocity of the person, the position of the person and the length of the spring
person.velocity = person.velocity + (Fnet/mPerson)*dt
person.pos = person.pos + person.velocity*dt
Spring.axis = person.pos-pivot

t = t + dt

#Input Energy Equations
#KE hint- mag(   ) to make a vector a scalar
#SPE hint- mag(   ) to make a vector a scalar
#SPE hint- look at lines 37 and 85 to determine delta x
#GPE hint- take absolute value, h of person
#Total Energy

KE=0.5*mPerson*mag(person.velocity)**2
SPE=0.5*kSpring*mag(Spring.axis-lengthSpring)**2
TE=KE+SPE+GPE

KineticGraph.plot(t, KE)
SpringGraph.plot(t,SPE)
GravGraph.plot(t,GPE)
TotalGraph.plot(t,TE)

#Net force arrow based on Fnet and scale factor
FnetArrow.pos = person.pos
FnetArrow.axis = Fnet/(1e2)

#Force arrows for Fgrav and Fspring
FgravArrow.pos = person.pos - vec(2,0,0)
FgravArrow.axis = Fgrav/(1e2)
FspringArrow.pos = person.pos + vec(2,0,0)
FspringArrow.axis = Fspring/(1e2)

#Add if statement so the person's color changes when they hit the rocks